Patricia Gallinger-Giao, freelance digital designer, Bright Blend Studios

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August 15, 2018

Divine Proportion

THE SCIENCE OF ART

Divine proportion has been known by several names throughout history, The Golden Mean, The Golden Ratio, The Golden Equation, The Golden Section, The Golden Number, The Rule of Thirds, Phi, etc.

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It describes the proportions of everything we know, from atoms, to the architecture of living creatures, to the most complex patterns of our universe. Leonardo Fibonacci, an Italian born mathematician first discovered it’s unusual properties in 1175 AD although he may not have appreciated its significance to the art world at the time.

It's derived from something called 'the Fibonacci sequence' (0,1,1,2,3,5,8,13, etc.). If you study this sequence of numbers for a few seconds you’ll see the pattern:

                    0 + 1 = 1, then 1 + 1 = 2, then 2 + 3 = 5, 3 + 5 = 8, 5 + 8 = 13, etc.

First referred to as ‘Divine Proportion’ in the 1500’s’, Renaissance artists used it in their paintings and 3D work to create dynamic compositions and sculpture. The human mind seems inherently drawn to proportions aligning with this universal principle.

Not every piece of art work has to adhere strictly to the rule but it’s important to be mindful of its use in the first steps of planning a painting or other type of artistic endeavour. Seems your design and composition can be measured and enhanced by scientific principles.